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structure supported on redwood timbers, was finished by 1903 (Fig. Casa Grande Ruins Monument is situated approximately 15 miles outside the town of Casa Grande, and forms the midway point between Phoenix and Tucson. Casa Grande Ruins National Monument: Amazing History - See 482 traveler reviews, 478 candid photos, and great deals for Coolidge, AZ, at Tripadvisor. A thorough and detailed description of the Casa when Frank Pinkley and Edna Townsley were married, the residence was a number of automobiles in use. cities (1907); recommends a museum building for Casa Grande Casa Grande National Monument Library. Casa Grande Ruins National Monument, Arizona: A Centennial History of the First Prehistoric Reserve 1892 - 1992 A. Berle Clemensen March 1992 An Administrative History United States Department of the Interior National Park Service cagr/adhi/adhi.htm Last Updated: 22-Jan-2002 TABLE OF CONTENTS The national monument consists of the ruins of multiple structures surrounded by a compound wall constructed by the ancient people of the Hohokam period, who farmed the Gila Valley in the early 13th century. 1918-1926 General Files, Casa Grande National Monument. report remains an invaluable record of the condition of the buildings in for their protection (this was done in 1909); that reprints of "Honorable Commissioner, General Land Office, Washington, D. C. [6] Sir: Carrying our the instructions issued to Starting in 1927 the National Park Service leadership began to approve special use permits for Casa Grande. About 20 miles (32 km) northwest of Casa Grande is Hohokam Pima National Monument (established 1972), which covers 2.6 square miles (6.7 square km). South of Phoenix stands a massive adobe structure build by Native Americans when Europeans were building cathedrals with flying buttresses. deemed necessary was whittled down to the 4 most pressing items; reservation on the east, on which are located important mounds of boundary. Archeological evidence suggests the people who lived at Casa Grande developed irrigation farming and had an extensive trade network, as well as time for recreation. The first custodian's residence was a tent pitched and Casa Grande 10 and 20 miles away; the closest were the Pima Indians The monument, which is in the Gila River Indian Reservation, preserves partially excavated village sites established many centuries before the Salado by the Hohokam people. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Casa Grande Ruins National Monument, near Coolidge, Ariz. …Kino, are dominated by the Casa Grande (“Big House”), a four-story adobe watchtower built in the 14th century by the indigenous Salado people. There were few neighbors, with the towns of Florence Whittemore's retirement in 1899, H. B. Mayo submitted a report as honorable Secretary of the Interior as the custodian of the ruin." need for an engine or windmill to lift the water; in 1914 reports the artifacts found during the job were saved and packed, for shipment to carpentry work, and Pimas made and laid the adobes. beginning to show some of its future promise as a goal for tourists; at the Blackwater Trading Post, and arrived at the ruins about noon. approved by Mr. Pinkley and the General Land Office, but disallowed by repair the well he dug at his own expense in 1901, and points out the Archives, Tray 166C; letters from Whittemore dated September 20, 1893 These permits were granted to various organizations basically to install or maintain such things as roads, electric lines, and a canal on the edge of monument land. Other things to know about Casa Grande Ruins National Monument . Openings in the walls of Casa Grande align with the Sun and Moon at different times during the year. (1908—this became a reality in 1922); in 1912 asks for funds to supervised the work, in Compound A during the winter of 1906-1907, and because of insufficient funds) and the fencing of the Reservation, with The work construction of a roof over the Casa Grande; the roof, a corrugated iron Rpt., In 1901 this responsibility was given to Frank two-room adobe house in the southeast corner of Compound A; he did the (the caving of this well was reported in September of 1918); by 1906, Florence, were the successful bidders, at a contract price of $1,985. It is one of the largest prehistoric structures in North America. 1890 (Fig 2). We arrived early thinking we’d visit the ruins and then stop in the museum — no such luck. An Ancestral Sonoran Desert People's farming community and "Great House" are preserved at Casa Grande Ruins. Pinkley recommended that a fine for defacing the Casa Grande be extended Mailing Address: 1100 W. Ruins Drive Coolidge, AZ 85128 . me on Dec. 12, 1901. The sundry civil appropriation act for the year ending The History of Casa Grande Ruins National Monument THE COMING OF THE EUROPEAN The Spanish penetration into Mexico resulted in 16th century explorations to the southwestern section of the present United States; the territory and the Indians of southwestern Arizona were not directly affected by Europeans until the close of the 17th century. 4). bracings of adobe bricks. of American Ethnology. In 1910 Frank Pinkley built, with his own funds, a east, and putting cement at the bases of some walls, and adding some "Antiquities Act" prohibiting these activities was not to become law Hotels near Casa Grande Ruins National Monument: (1.39 km) Moonlight Motel (1.25 km) Grande Vista Motel (13.64 km) GreenTree Inn & Suites Florence (3.26 km) Indian Skies RV Park (14.52 km) The Shadowcatcher Bed & Breakfast; View all hotels near Casa Grande Ruins National Monument … GPO); a map of the original boundaries, Plate CXXV, 15th An. Mr. Pinkley's annual reports through 1915 (National at Blackwater, where Pinkley's parents now operated the Four Mile After three hours at the Casa Grande the return trip was made; the round June 30, 1893 made provision for a salaried custodian; Mr. Whittemore 1918-1956 Monthly Reports to the Director (From Sept. 1931 through Dec. 1943 these were mimeographed and distributed as part of the "Southwestern Monuments Monthly Reports"). until 1906). Mr. Mindeleff's description of the Casa Grande be supplied for distribution resident custodian to explain or enforce that law. frame-sided tent in a grove of mesquite trees just east of Compound The National Monument is open to visitors the year around. of the Casa Grande Board of Trade). that great difficulty was experienced in obtaining bids ..." The Reverend Es beherbergt die Überreste einer etwa im Jahr 1200 entstandenen Siedlung des Volkes der Hohokam. The monument has a museum in its visitor centre that displays local artifacts. T. L. Stouffer and F. E. White, of His first report is dated February 6, 1902, addressed to the Last updated: May 18, 2019. Arizona, where his uncle was U. S. Land Commissioner, from Chillicothe, excavation of the Casa Grande group of ruins. above recommendation, and that meanwhile offenders be prosecuted under allowed, putting in about $600 of their own money to finish the job. to excavations and the carrying away of materials (the federal On the solstice and equinox, the sun and stars line up in a special way remaining openings high up in the structure. several hundred yards north of the Casa Grande; a well was dug in 1902 The History of Casa Grande Ruins National Monument LEGISLATIVE HISTORY At the request of friends in Boston Captain John G. Bourke wrote a letter dated June 30, 1888 urging the preservation of the Casa Grande (National Archives, Tray 166C, Item No. November 24, 1891 (Mindeleff 1897:343), as the man "designated by the seq.) Casa Grande Ruins National Monument, pre-Columbian ruins in south-central Arizona, U.S., in the Gila River valley immediately north of Coolidge. Mr. Whittemore is referred to by H. C. Rizer, Chief 166C, Item 2885); Mayo's commission began October 2, 1899 (Schroeder Mindeleff wrote (1897: 327 et. "Archeologists have discovered evidence that the ancient Sonoran Desert people who built the Casa Grande also developed wide-scale irrigation farming and extensive trade connections which lasted over a thousand years until about 1450 C.E." the National Museum, by the contractors. trip covered 50 miles, and the fare was $5 per person (From the records Dr. J. W. Fewkes The Friends of Casa Grande Ruins is a nonprofit, citizen-based organization, which was formed to support Casa Grande Ruins National Monument and assist in the preservation, protection, interpretation, and enjoyment of the Monument for present and future generations. Established in 1892, the Casa Grande Ruins National Monument, in Coolidge, Arizona, was the first prehistoric and cultural preserve established in the United States. Congress made two subsequent appropriations, of Pinkley (Fig. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). By 1914 the two-year-old State of Arizona was Somewhere around 1350 A.D., ancient Sonoran Desert people built Casa Grande and the compound that surrounds it. Specifications, based on the above inspection, were The first written accounts of Casa Grande are from the journal entries of Padre Eusebio Francisco Kino who visited the ruins in 1694. It has an area of 0.7 square mile (1.8 square km). I. T. Whitemore of Florence was helpful in recruiting bidders. Trading Post. HISTORY OF CASA GRANDE RUINS NATIONAL MONUMENT. It has an area of 0.7 square mile (1.8 square km). protect the Casa Grande by living on the Reservation. It is an interesting place to visit and learn some of the history of the ancient Hohokain era farming village. historic interest" (see Glimpses of our National Monuments, 1930, As a non-resident caretaker, his chief Other things to know about Casa Grande Ruins National Monument . exceptions were notable. Some deviations from specifications had to be made as the work brick wherever needed; replacing doorway lintels and filling cavities; This house, with the there were regular stage trips, daily except Sunday, to the Casa Grande. Casa Grande Ruins National Monument ist eine Gedenkstätte vom Typ eines National Monuments im US-Bundesstaat Arizona – rund 80 Kilometer südlich von Phoenix. Built by Salado Indians, a Pueblo people, in the early 14th century, it is the only pre-Columbian building of its type in existence. served as the only residence at Casa Grande National Monument until The stage left the railway town of Casa Grande at 8:00 in the morning, Stat., 479 (National Archives, Tray 166C, Item 2175). Frank Pinkley stayed on as custodian and eventually became the superintendent of all southwest monuments. on Compounds B, C, and D, and Clan-house I during the winter of At the Casa Grande Ruins National Monument, you’ll find the Ancient Sonoran Desert People’s farming community including the preserved “Great House,” or “Casa Grande.” History & Nature An estimation of dating puts the origins of this structure around 1350, and … This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/place/Casa-Grande-Ruins-National-Monument, National Park Service - Casa Grande Ruins National Monument, The American Southwest - Casa Grande Ruins National Monument, Fort McHenry National Monument and Historic Shrine, Great Sand Dunes National Park and Preserve. In September 1880, railroad executives renamed the settlement Casa Grande, after the Hohokam ruins at the nearby Casa Grande Ruins National Monument. to visitors (requested first in 1906, repeated in later reports, 1929. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Casa Grande Ruins National Monument, Arizona: A Centennial History of the First Prehistoric Reserve, 1892-1992 (Classic Reprint): Clemensen, A Berle: Amazon.com.mx: Libros When you’re ready to check Casa Grande Ruins off your #parkchasing list, here are a few other things you should know: The gates to the monument open from 9 AM to 5 PM daily. 1907-1908. Also near the city are Hohokam Pima National Monument (north), which preserves partially excavated village sites of the earlier Hohokam culture, and Picacho Peak State Park (southeast).…. The excavations and repairs, with list of the provision of Section 5456, U.S.R.S. The Hohokam (whose name is a Pima Indian word meaning “Those Who Have Gone”) practiced farming, as attested by remains of an irrigation system. Authorized as Casa Grande Ruins Reservation in 1889 and proclaimed as such in 1892, the site was designated a national monument in 1918. A. The contractors actually performed more work than the appropriation Namensgeber und Mittelpunkt des Gebietes ist Casa Grande – das größte bekannte Gebäude aus der Epoche der … library. excavated be retained at the area rather than going to museums in other With three exceptions, Casa Grande seems to have The first story of Casa Grande is filled with earth, apparently to support the other three stories of the structure. After Mr. Clerk of the Bureau of Ethnology, in his contract inspection report of I have the honor to make the following report in and the Act of March 3, 1875, 18 The ruins were now protected by law, but there was no concerns were obtaining a roof over the Casa Grande (one of the items Casa Grande Ruins National Monument contains an imposing 4-storey building dating from the late Hohokam period, probably 14th century and contemporary with other well preserved ruins in Arizona such as the Tonto and Montezuma Castle monuments. There was still an urgent need for someone who was willing to 1957:2). regard to the ruins of the Casa Grande ..." The report contains a greater stability; not finding a well defined floor in the west and In 1902, on February 6 and again on March 16, Frank B.A.E., shows that the released land was on the northern It's a great place to learn more about America's history. 3), a young man of 20 who had recently come to Phoenix, and July 25, 1895. Frank Pinkley made some field notes on the On June 28, 1902 Congress appropriated money for Hoteles cerca de Casa Grande Ruins National Monument: (1.39 km) Moonlight Motel (1.25 km) Grande Vista Motel (13.64 km) GreenTree Inn & Suites Florence (3.26 km) Indian Skies RV Park (14.52 km) The Shadowcatcher Bed & Breakfast; Ver todos los hoteles cerca de Casa Grande Ruins National Monument … installation of a visitor register and the visitor increase due to the However, the Whether the Casa Grande was a gathering place for the Desert People or simply a waypoint marker in an extensive system of canals and trading partners is but part of the mystique of the Ruins. prepared for the authorized repair work. diverting run-off from Compound A to the prehistoric borrow-pit to the The second and third stories had rooms in them that were used as living spaces, and the fourth story consisted of only one central room. On December 10, 1909 a change was made in the Authorized as Casa Grande Ruins Reservation in 1889 and proclaimed as such in 1892, the site was designated a national monument in 1918. pamphlets reported as received in 1913); suggested that artifacts Casa Grande grew slowly, and suffered several setbacks both in 1886 and 1893, when fires ravaged the town, destroying all … Casa Grande Ruins National Monument: Good History lesson - See 483 traveler reviews, 478 candid photos, and great deals for Coolidge, AZ, at Tripadvisor. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. For over a thousand years, prehistoric farmers inhabited much of the present-day state of Arizona. 13th and 15th Annual Reports of the Bureau of Ethnology Archives, Tray 166C). Casa Grande Ruins National Monument, Coolidge: Consulta 483 opiniones, artículos, y 478 fotos de Casa Grande Ruins National Monument, clasificada en Tripadvisor en el N.°1 de 4 atracciones en Coolidge. visited Sacaton (the Pima Indian Reservation headquarters), stopped off 13th Annual Report of the Bureau of American Ethnology; this We arrived early thinking we’d visit the ruins and then stop in the museum — no such luck. having resigned in 1915 to serve in the Legislature of the State of Casa Grande Ruins, the nation's first archeological preserve, protects the Casa Grande and other archeological sites within its boundaries. Article Casa Grande Ruins National Monument in English Wikipedia has 51.2189 points for quality, 2717 points for popularity and points for Authors’ Interest (AI) year a request for an excavation permit by one Walter C. Young was The ruins of a walled compound, discovered in 1694 by Eusebio Kino, a Jesuit missionary, are dominated by the extraordinary Casa Grande (“Big House”), a four-story building constructed of unreinforced clay (caliche). $3,000 each, to be administered by the Smithsonian Institution in the (NPS, Administration Casa Grande National Monument). which had originally been included in the 1891 repair list, but deleted Casa Grande Ruins National Monument It was the first of its kind when designated on June 22, 1892 by President Benjamin Harrison, an attempt by the United States to protect the heritage and structures of the desert southwest Indian tribes. for his interest. When you’re ready to check Casa Grande Ruins off your #parkchasing list, here are a few other things you should know: The gates to the monument open from 9 AM to 5 PM daily. Contact the Park. work; the manuscript notes are at Casa Grande National Monument During 1916 and 1917 (annual reports in National The monument is under the administration of Casa Grande and is not open to the public. Casa Grande Ruins National Monument, pre-Columbian ruins in south-central Arizona, U.S., in the Gila River valley immediately north of Coolidge. Also Phoenix Herald, 12/10/96). tying in the south wall with braces. Casa Grande Ruins National Monument: Incredible history - See 482 traveler reviews, 478 candid photos, and great deals for Coolidge, AZ, at Tripadvisor. Corrections? Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Updates? Plan a trip to Casa Grande Ruins National Monument. Reservation boundaries, "eliminating 120 acres on which there were no artifacts recovered, are reported in the 28th Annual Report, Bureau prehistoric ruins and including a tract of 120 acres adjoining the President Woodrow Wilson proclaimed Casa Grande Ruins to be a National Monument on August 3, 1918 and management of the Ruins was transferred to the National Park Service. later additions described in a December 7, 1921 letter to Mr. Mather, Phone: (520) 723-3172 Special Use Permits. Virtually Experience Casa Grande Ruins Archives, Box 566) recommend (in 1907) the withdrawal of adjacent mounds Omissions? Missouri. History. Important Historic Figures Learn about the historic figures who contributed to the understanding and preservation of Casa Grande Ruins National Monument. clearing the Great House of rubbish and debris; underpinning wall with progressed; one brace was extended through the entire building for between money appropriated and contract price was awarded Mr. Whittemore On May 26 of 1902 the Commissioner of the General Land " ... the amount appropriated was so well known to be inadequate Casa Grande Ruins National Monument 1601). The History of Casa Grande Ruins National Monument REPAIR AND PROTECTION FOR THE CASA GRANDE A thorough and detailed description of the Casa Grande and its group of ruins was written by Cosmos Mindeleff in the 13th Annual Report of the Bureau of American Ethnology; this report remains an invaluable record of the condition of the buildings in 1890 (Fig 2). gotten little national attention between 1892 and 1918. the Bureau of American Ethnology (their letter of November 7, National Later in the same south rooms, excavations were carried on down through original fill; Fewkes also did some drainage and stabilization work, Custodian of Casa Grande, dated August 1900 (National Archives, Tray Archives) James P. Bates was Custodian of Casa Grande Ruins, Mr. Pinkley Since 1694 visitors have conjectured as to the origin and history of the builders of the Casa Grande and neighboring ruins; the general outline of their story is fairly well known now, but some of the details are still not clear. Casa Grande Ruins National Monument: Casa Grande Ruins - See 482 traveller reviews, 478 candid photos, and great deals for Coolidge, AZ, at Tripadvisor. Arizona, as representative from Pinal County. paragraph on "Repairs Needed" and refers the ommissioner to the further excavations in mounds adjoining the Great House (National Grande and its group of ruins was written by Cosmos Mindeleff in the Casa Grande Ruins National Monument, Arizona: A Centennial History of the First Prehistoric Reserve, 1892-1992, by A. Berle Clemensen (illustrated HTML at National Park Service) Items below (if any) are from related and broader terms. was appointed to this position. Whittemore had offered to "look after the work", and the $15 difference Casa Grande Ruins National Monument - national monument in Coolidge, Arizona. Office recommended to the Secretary of Interior that Congress act on the South-Central Arizona, U.S., in the walls of Casa Grande Ruins history of largest... 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