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The fresh green leaves are simple, obovate, neatly serrrate, sometimes turning yellow in autumn. Nov 1, 2017 - C is for Clethra alnifolia, otherwise known as sweet pepperbush. Fruit: Fruit Color: Black Blue Red/Burgundy Fruit Value To Gardener: Edible Display/Harvest Time: Summer Fruit Type: Drupe Fruit Length: < 1 inch Fruit Width: < 1 inch Fruit Description: Female trees produce pendant clusters of .4 inch long-inch bluish-black drupes borne in red cup-like receptacles on 1 inch long red stalks. Plant Type: DECIDUOUS SHRUBS. Small undergrowth shrub, native of the eastern United States.. It is hardy to zone (UK) 3. It is originally from Eastern North America and grows naturally along the Atlantic coast and west to Texas. See the rest of these slides to get a taste of the range of pepper you may come across at farmers' markets and specialty stores. Flower Color white. There is great value in providing nectar and pollen for the organisms that pollinate our wildflowers, agricultural crops, fruit orchards, and backyard vegetable and flower gardens. Clethra Alnifolia is a deciduous Shrub growing to 2.5 m (8ft) by 2.5 m (8ft). When planted right and in the right spot, Clethra, also called summersweet or sweet pepperbush, are very easy to grow. Legal Status Coastal sweet pepperbush is listed as a special concern species in Maine and as threatened in Tennessee. Flower & Fruit. Height (In Feet) 43499. Culture. Images are provided in galleries and are available by common name, scientific name, family, ecosystem, and wetland indicator status. Its automnal colors of golden yellow is also interesting. About … but can be pruned. Plant Type: DECIDUOUS SHRUBS. Ducey, V. 2003. Yes, I was stung. Sweet Pepperbush. Master Gardeners of Northern Virginia Promoting environmentally sound gardening practices for over 35 years! Extracts from the stem, leaves and fruits of Sweet Pepperbush have been found to have compounds that mimic insect juvenile hormones (Jacobson et al. Width (In Feet) 43561. Older wood exfoliates for quiet winter interest. noun plant bearing large mild thick walled usually bell shaped fruits; the principal salad peppers • Syn: ↑sweet pepper, ↑bell pepper, ↑pimento, ↑pimiento, ↑paprika, ↑Capsicum annuum grossum • … Also called summersweet .... Sweet pepperbush - definition of sweet pepperbush by The Free … Common: Summersweet, Sweet Pepperbush. Oblong serrated leaves are green in summer and turn yellow to orange in fall before dropping. Louisiana Plant ID is an online resource for images and descrptions of Louisiana plants and ecosystems. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees. It is in flower from August to September, and the seeds ripen in October. You can plant summersweet in zones 3 through 9. Flower Duration Sep-Oct. Plant Size. Like many plants that tolerate the wet conditions of … sweet pepperbush synonyms, sweet pepperbush pronunciation, sweet pepperbush translation, English dictionary definition of sweet pepperbush. Lingering fruit of sweet pepperbush adds textural interest in winter. Clethra alnifolia 'Hummingbird' (Summersweet) is a gorgeous, compact, slowly spreading, deciduous shrub which features bottlebrush spikes of extremely fragrant white flowers which bloom for 4-6 weeks in mid to late summer. PLANTS Characteristics Data Fields and Definitions for more than 100 Characteristics When this plant is in bloom in the nursery it’s always a delight to see it covered in pollinators of all type. coastal sweet pepperbush attract hummingbirds and butterflies. Still not very common in our gardens, the Clethra is especially appreciated for its pink, fragrant and late flowering. Foliage turns bright yellow in autumn. The leaves turn yellow to golden brown in the fall. Sweet Pepperbush inhabits acidic swamps and moist woods, where it may form extensive colonies that expand via rhizome growth. Sweet Pepperbush is native to Virginia and is a deciduous plant, dropping its leaves in the winter. Fruit. Huge white mid- to late summer flowers emit a slight fragrance (moreso on other cultivars) over lustrous dark green leaves. Birds eat the fruit and aid in seed dispersal. iPIX Interactive ecosystem images in 360 degrees with links to individual plant information are featured as well as Zoomify images of selected characteristics. Fortunately, dwarf summersweet varieties are available. Flowers are visited by a wide variety of bees and butterflies, the former presumably collecting both pollen and nectar, the latter, just nectar. In mid-late summer, Sweet Pepperbush has pinkish white, sweet- smelling flowers that attract a variety of butterflies and other pollinators. To plant in mid-shade under large deciduous trees, it … Summersweet clethra, Clethra alnifolia, also known as coastal sweet pepperbush, grows naturally along streams in the eastern United States from Maine to Florida. Although widely available in nurseries, Taxus baccata (English yew) is a shrub that is best avoided due to the highly toxic nature of all its plant parts, including the seeds of its red berries. It thrives in wet, acidic soil. For common names, you may see summersweet, sweet pepperbush, clethra, coastal sweet pepperbush, and poor man's soap. It is noted for attracting wildlife. Its name, also called summer sweet or white alder, comes from its sweet fragrance and its pepper corn-like fruit. Foliage is lustrous green. Low Scape Mound Chokeberry Aronia melanocarpa . Where to plant pond bank zone (above high-water mark) Type perennial d eciduous shrub Height x spread normally 3-6 feet high. Sweet pepperbush grows to 6 to 9 feet tall and has a rounded, well shrubby, growth form. Plants: This deciduous woody shrub, 5-8' (1.5-2.4 m) tall and 4-6' (1.2-1.8 m) around, has multiple stems, is most often found near fresh water in areas that are at least seasonally wet. Fragrant flowers of sweet pepperbush are a magnet for butterflies. Lepidoptera. Near-white scented flowers are abundantly produced, in erect terminal racemes, in summer. It blooms in July and august, providing beauty to the late summer garden as well as food for bees and butterflies. This upright deciduous shrub has fragrant white flowers arranged in showy 3- to 5-inch racemes. Bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds visit the flowers; fruits are eaten by birds and small mammals. White spires of fragrant flowers elongate and grace the shrub from mid- to late summer. Sweet pepperbush is also very hardy and tolerates a variety of sun exposures, soil types, and thrives in rain gardens. Clethra alnifolia 'Anne Bidwell' - 4 remaining. Characteristics: Deciduous shrubs and small trees with white or pink sometimes fragrant small flowers in spikes up to 4” long. Sweet pepperbush is native to the temperate regions of eastern North America. Wildlife. Opening from bottom to top, they are very attractive to bees, butterflies and other pollinators, at a time of the year when there's not a wealth of nectars to choose from. Coastal Sweet Pepperbush (Clethra alnifolia) Coastal Sweet Pepperbush. Browse more Sweet Pepperbush varieties from White Flower Farm. USF Herbarium Slide Collection. Spreads by sending up new shoots, forming a thicket. Sweet Pepperbush is a beautiful, multi-stemmed woody shrub native to our East coast from Nova Scotia and Maine down to Florida and over to Texas. Neutral The seed heads add modest autumn and winter interest. Lingering fruit of sweet pepperbush adds textural interest in winter. Let’s learn about these dwarf summersweet plant types. In NC it is found in swamps and moist woods on the coastal plain and outer piedmont. Sweet peppers don't come in just red and green anymore—yellow, orange, and even purple bell peppers are fairly commonplace. It's 5' tall and has spreads by underground runners. Summersweet clethra (Clethra alnifolia) is a fantastic shrub with all-season garden interest and can be grown throughout South Carolina.This native species, also called sweet pepperbush, flowers profusely for 4 to 6 weeks during July and August when few other plants are in bloom, and the flowers fill the garden with their spicy fragrance. Flowers open in mid summer. It will tolerate shade but won’t flower as much. Define sweet pepperbush. n. A deciduous shrub growing in moist ground from Maine to Texas and having long racemes of small fragrant white or pink flowers. Sweet Pepperbush (Summersweet) shrubs can be a great addition to your full sun or partial shade gardening landscape. With heights of 5-8 feet (1.5-2.4 m.) tall and the plant’s suckering habit, not every garden or landscape has the space necessary for a full size summersweet. Deer eat it only when other forage vegetation is limited. In landscape design, they are especially effective massed or grouped in sunny or shady flowering shrub borders, butterfly and hummingbird gardens. Its sweetly scented blooms also bear a hint of spicy pepper, resulting in its common name of sweet pepperbush. flowers for butterflies. Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. This is another dense and compact form of Sweet Pepperbush growing intermediate between 'Hummingbird' and 'Anne Bidwell'. Clethra is rhizomatous by nature, and if allowed, can form colonies between five and seven feet high. I had confused this plant with Itea virginica, but the experts at DG's ID forum convinced me otherwise based on the bloom time. Dwarf Sweet Pepperbush, Summersweet Clethra alnifolia 'Sixteen Candles' Back To Results. It was one of the first plants I put in my new, and very wet, garden Ease of propagation and its rhizomatous habit make it a useful element in riparian restoration projects. Bees. Light Conditions Sun, Part Shade. flowers for bees. Preferred USDA Hardiness Zones . Sweet Pepperbush Clethra alnifolia . Clethra alnifolia 'Sixteen Candles' - Nice full plants. Mammals/Other. And don’t reach your hand inside a sweet pepperbush as I did — for what reason I can’t recall, but it was not a smart one. The fruit especially resembles a black peppercorn after it dries. Latin Name: Clethra alnifolia Common Name: sweet pepperbush Type: Deciduous shrub Family: Clethraceae Native Range: Eastern North America Zone: 3 to 9 Height: 3.00 to 4.00 feet Spread: 3.00 to 4.00 feet Bloom Time: July to August Bloom Description: White Sun: Full sun to part shade Water: Medium to wet Maintenance: Low Suggested Use: Hedge, […] Origin: Native to SE United States, Mexico, Japan & China. Details C.alnifolia, the sweet pepper bush is an erect, bushy, suckering shrub not usually exceeding 2m. Sweet Pepperbush. Water Preference moist-wet. Pepperbush has no relation to peppercorns or peppers, but its seed capsules resemble peppercorns. Plus, there are more kinds of sweet pepper than just different colors of bell peppers. 1975) and likely contribute to prevention of insect herbivory. Growth from r oot suckering will provide moderate erosion control. In July and August, providing beauty to the temperate regions of eastern North America '. 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