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Nova Scotia is home to Symphony Nova Scotia, a symphony orchestra based in Halifax. Hostilities between the British and French resumed from 1702 to 1713, known as Queen Anne's War. [53] Nova Scotia has the fourth-largest film industry in Canada hosting over 100 productions yearly, more than half of which are the products of international film and television producers. Nova Scotia is called Canada’s Ocean Playground for its miles and miles of pristine coastline. [32] The British Empire (including Nova Scotia) declared itself neutral in the conflict. Academy Award nominee Elliot Page (Juno, Inception) was born in Halifax, Nova Scotia; five-time Academy Award nominee Arthur Kennedy (Lawrence of Arabia, High Sierra) called Nova Scotia his home; and two time Golden Globe winner Donald Sutherland (MASH, Ordinary People) spent most of his youth in the province. [29] Perhaps the most dramatic moment in the war for Nova Scotia occurred when HMS Shannon escorted the captured American frigate USS Chesapeake into Halifax Harbour (1813). [36], In 1871, the largest religious denominations were Protestant with 103,500 (27%); Roman Catholic with 102,000 (26%); Baptist with 73,295 (19%); Anglican with 55,124 (14%); Methodist with 40,748 (10%), Lutheran with 4,958 (1.3%); and Congregationalist with 2,538 (0.65%). Feature filmmaking began in Canada with Evangeline (1913), made by Canadian Bioscope Company in Halifax, which released six films before it closed. Beginning with King William's War in 1688, a series of six wars took place between the English/British and the French, with Nova Scotia being a consistent theatre of conflict between the two powers. Nova Scotia's economy boomed during the Civil War. This is true although Nova Scotia is some fifteen parallels further south. Father Le Loutre's War (1749–1755) began when Edward Cornwallis arrived to establish Halifax with 13 transports on 21 June 1749. “Traffic on the highway was crazy “ What you think: Traffic on the highway WAS crazy, cars were bumper to bumper and it took 45 minutes to drive 10km. It is the country's second-most densely populated province and second-smallest province by area, both after neighbouring Prince Edward Island. The land that comprises what is now Nova Scotia has been inhabited by the indigenous Miꞌkmaq people for thousands of years. The rise of Nova Scotia as a viable jurisdiction in North America, historically, was driven by the ready availability of natural resources, especially the fish stocks off the Scotian Shelf. During the American Revolutionary War, thousands of Loyalists settled in Nova Scotia. The province's revenue comes mainly from the taxation of personal and corporate income, although taxes on tobacco and alcohol, its stake in the Atlantic Lottery Corporation, and oil and gas royalties are also significant. Capital: Halifax. [27] During the French and Indian War of 1754–63 (the North American theatre of the Seven Years' War of 1756–1763), the British deported the Acadians and recruited New England Planters to resettle the colony. The province has produced more than its fair share of famous musicians, including Grammy Award winners Denny Doherty (from The Mamas & the Papas), Anne Murray, and Sarah McLachlan, country singers Hank Snow, George Canyon, and Drake Jensen, jazz vocalist Holly Cole, classical performers Portia White and Barbara Hannigan, multi Juno Award nominated rapper Classified, and such diverse artists as Rita MacNeil, Matt Mays, Sloan, Feist, Todd Fancey, The Rankin Family, Natalie MacMaster, Susan Crowe, Buck 65, Joel Plaskett, and the bands April Wine and Grand Dérangement. Until 1784, New Brunswick administratively formed part of Nova Scotia. Nowhere in Nova Scotia is more than 67 km (42 mi) from the ocean. Its capital city is Halifax. It commemorates the 1854–55 Siege of Sevastopol. Nova Scotia has more than 450 public schools for children. Learn more. Kate Horodyski. Federal equalization payments account for $1.385 billion, or 20.07% of the provincial revenue. All children until the age of 16 are legally required to attend school or the parent needs to perform home schooling. Much of the historic public art sculptures in the province were made by New York sculptor J. Massey Rhind as well as Canadian sculptors Hamilton MacCarthy, George Hill, Emanuel Hahn and Louis-Philippe Hébert. [17], Warfare was a notable feature in Nova Scotia during the 17th and 18th centuries. [54] In 2015, the government of Nova Scotia eliminated tax credits to film production in the province, jeopardizing the industry given most other jurisdictions continue to offer such credits. The American Revolution (1775–1783) had a significant impact on shaping Nova Scotia. The Loyalist influx also pushed Nova Scotia's 2000 Mi'kmaq People to the margins as Loyalist land grants encroached on ill-defined native lands. The following is an incomplete list of festivals and other cultural gatherings in the province: Nova Scotia has produced numerous film actors. Origin of the name. He later produced 12 albums for Anne Murray ("Snowbird", "Danny's Song" and "You Won't See Me"); 11 albums for Emmylou Harris (whom he married at his home in Halifax on 9 January 1977). The other two registered parties are the Green Party of Nova Scotia and the Atlantica Party, neither of which has a seat in the House of Assembly. See Nova Scotia in … While these numbers were roughly equal from 1992 until 2004, since that time the trade deficit has ballooned. See more. The province is bordered by the Gulf of St. Lawrence and Northumberland Strait on the north, and the Atlantic Ocean on the south and east. Ten universities are also situated in Nova Scotia, including Dalhousie University, University of King's College, Saint Mary's University, Mount Saint Vincent University, NSCAD University, Acadia University, Université Sainte-Anne, Saint Francis Xavier University, Cape Breton University and the Atlantic School of Theology. [47], The province is the world's largest exporter of Christmas trees, lobster, gypsum, and wild berries. Some of the international best-sellers are: Last Man Out: The Story of the Springhill Mining Disaster (by Melissa Fay Greene) ; Curse of the Narrows: The Halifax Explosion 1917 (by Laura MacDonald); "In the Village" (short story by Pulitzer Prize–winning author Elizabeth Bishop); and National Book Critics Circle Award winner Rough Crossings (by Simon Schama). There are a number of festivals and cultural events that are recurring in Nova Scotia, or notable in its history. About 21.18% were non-religious and 1% were Muslims. Two famous Nova Scotian photographers are Wallace R. MacAskill and Sherman Hines. Currently nicknamed "Canada’s Festival Province," the name Nova Scotia originates from Latin. Vol. [22][23] However, conflict between the Acadians, Mi'kmaq, French, and the British persisted in the following decades with King George's War (1744–1748). Scotia is a name that's been used primarily by parents who are considering baby names for girls. Settled by the French in the early 18th century as Acadia, it changed hands several times between the French and English before being awarded to … Of the 904,285 singular responses to the census question concerning mother tongue, the most commonly reported languages were: Figures shown are for the number of single-language responses and the percentage of total single-language responses. The Royal Navy struggled to maintain British supply lines, defending convoys from American and French attacks as in the fiercely fought convoy battle, the Naval battle off Cape Breton (1781). In December 1917, about 2,000 people were killed in the Halifax Explosion. Nova Scotia definition: 1. a province (= a large area that is governed as part of a country) of eastern Canada, whose…. [57] Michelin remains by far the largest single employer in this sector, operating three production plants in the province. Tourism Industry Association of Nova Scotia. Nova Scotia is connected to the province of New Brunswick on the west by the Chignecto Isthmus. [55] The province also boasts a rapidly developing Information & Communication Technology (ICT) sector which consists of over 500 companies, and employs roughly 15,000 people. Learn more about Nova Scotia’s history, government, and points of interest in this article. One endemic dish (in the sense of "peculiar to" and "originating from") is the Halifax donair, a distant variant of the doner kebab prepared using thinly sliced beef meatloaf and a sweet condensed milk sauce. 11 January 2018. (54,565 sq. The word nova is the feminine form of novus, meaning "new", and Scotia means Scotland. In 1956 the tartan was finally registered. In both French and Scottish Gaelic, the province is directly translated as "New Scotland" (French: Nouvelle-Écosse. Nova Scotia ad budget goes to cellphone concept video – latimes.com, "Peggy's Cove: Assessment of Capacity Issues and Potential Tourism Opportunities", Acadian Skies & Mi'kmaq Lands: Starlight Reserve & Destination, UN-backed award recognizes N.S. the raising or rising of a body in air by supernatural means. Public education is administered by seven regional school boards, responsible primarily for English instruction and French immersion, and also province-wide by the Conseil Scolaire Acadien Provincial, which administers French instruction to students whose primary language is French. There is a significant film industry in Nova Scotia. [44] GDP growth has lagged behind the rest of the country for at least the past decade. In 1765, the county of Sunbury was created. During the War of 1812, Nova Scotia's contribution to the British war effort involved communities either purchasing or building various privateer ships to attack U.S. Other sectors in the province were also hit hard, particularly during the last two decades: coal mining in Cape Breton and northern mainland Nova Scotia has virtually ceased, and a large steel mill in Sydney closed during the 1990s. It boasts some the most beautiful scenery in all of Canada. In general, Romance and Slavic languages use a direct translation of "New Scotland", while most other languages use direct transliterations of the Latin / English name. Both Gibson and Chantry were famous British sculptors during the Victorian era and have numerou sculptures in the Tate, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston and Westminster Abbey. [26] The first legislative assembly in Halifax, under the Governorship of Charles Lawrence, met on 2 October 1758. Read on to learn about how Nova Scotia got its name. Nova Scotia has also produced numerous television series: This Hour Has 22 Minutes, Don Messer's Jubilee, Black Harbour, Haven, Trailer Park Boys, Mr. D, Call Me Fitz, and Theodore Tugboat. According to the 2006 Canadian census[34] the largest ethnic group in Nova Scotia is Scottish (31.9%), followed by English (31.8%), Irish (21.6%), French (17.9%), German (11.3%), Aboriginal origin (5.3%), Dutch (4.1%), Black Canadians (2.8%), Welsh (1.9%) Italian (1.5%), and Scandinavian (1.4%). [67] The sovereign is Queen Elizabeth II, who also serves as head of state of 15 other Commonwealth countries, each of Canada's nine other provinces, and the Canadian federal realm, and resides predominantly in the United Kingdom. The leader of the party with the second-most seats usually becomes the Leader of Her Majesty's Loyal Opposition (presently Tim Houston) and is part of an adversarial parliamentary system intended to keep the government in check.[68]. [59] Cruise ships pay regular visits to the province. [citation needed]. 947,900; 21,068 sq. [26] Jonathan Belcher was sworn in as chief justice of the Nova Scotia Supreme Court on 21 October 1754. Learn more. TAKE THE QUIZ TO FIND OUT The Mi'kmaq signed a treaty of "submission" to the British crown. Half-hearted Enemies: Nova Scotia, New England and the War of 1812. In 1605, French colonists established the first permanent European settlement in the future Canada (and the first north of Florida) at Port Royal, founding what would become known as Acadia.[19][20]. As a result of Father Rale's War (1722–1725), the Mi'kmaq signed a series of treaties with Great Britain in 1725. nighttime sky reserve | The Chronicle Herald, "The Opposition in a Parliamentary System", "RootsWeb: CAN-NS-GUYSBOROUGH-L JOHN WILSON, Sculptor, 1877–1954", Sherman Hines Museum of Photography: Macaskill Collection, "Halifax Rainmen file for bankruptcy in 'disappointing' end", "Directory of Public Schools 2019–2020", The Far Reaches of Empire. Cape Breton Island, a large island to the northeast of the Nova Scotia mainland, is also part of the province, as is Sable Island, a small island notorious for being the site of offshore shipwrecks, approximately 175 km (110 mi) from th… The winter and summer temperature extremes of the continental climate are moderated by the ocean. Nova Scotia is Canada's second-smallest province in area, after Prince Edward Island. Nova Scotia has also produced numerous film directors such as Thom Fitzgerald (The Hanging Garden), Daniel Petrie (Resurrection—Academy Award nominee) and Acadian film director Phil Comeau's multiple award-winning local story (Le secret de Jérôme). The public system offers primary to Grade 12. Nouvelle-Écosse Un vaccin antigrippal à dose élevée est disponible dans les établissements de soins de longue durée. In April 2020, a killing spree occurred across the province and became the deadliest rampage in Canada's history.[33]. a county boundaries contiguous with those of the Cape Breton Regional Municipality.b county boundaries contiguous with those of the Halifax Regional Municipality.c county boundaries contiguous with those of the Region of Queens Municipality. Nova Scotia lies in the mid-temperate zone and, although the province is almost surrounded by water, the climate is closer to continental climate rather than maritime. The province is home to avant-garde visual art and traditional crafting, writing and publishing and a film industry. [15] However, winters are cold enough to be classified as continental—still being nearer the freezing point than inland areas to the west. The Mi'kmaq people are among the large Algonquian-language family and inhabited Nova Scotia at the time the first European colonists arrived. There are also a number of Black loyalists buried in unmarked graves in the Old Burying Ground (Halifax, Nova Scotia). [48] Its export value of fish exceeds $1 billion, and fish products are received by 90 countries around the world. The Acadian Civil War took place from 1640 to 1645. [60][61] This industry contributes approximately $1.3 billion annually to the economy. 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